The Timbavati Private Nature Reserve (TPNR) is within the Greater Kruger open system. The Reserve falls within the internationally declared Kruger 2 Canyons UNESCO Man and Biosphere, and within the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Conservation Area (GLTCA).
The TPNR also forms part of the Associated Private Nature Reserves (APNR), which is a conglomerate of privately owned nature reserves including Klaserie, Umbabat and Balule. The APNR is a co-operative organization established to coordinate the interests of its members and to act as a single body in interacting with government entities. In 1993, fences between Associated Private Nature Reserves and the Kruger National Park were removed to encourage wildlife migration, and the Greater Kruger National Park was born. In December 2018 a landmark Co-operation Agreement was signed with the Kruger National Park.
The Kruger National Park is one of the largest game reserves in Africa. It is situated across the Limpopo and Mpumalanga provinces of South Africa, and its borders stretch up to Zimbabwe in the north and Mozambique in the east. In 1898 it was known as the Government Wildlife Park and later it became the Sabi Game Reserve, and then the Kruger National Park in 1926.
The Kruger National Park is the core of the Kruger 2 Canyons and Vhembe UNESCO Man and Biospheres, and the core of the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Conservation Area (GLTP Treaty, 2002).
K2C is recognised under the UNESCO (United Nations Educations, Scientific and Cultural Organisation) Man and the Biosphere Programme. The Biosphere was registered in 2001 as a member of World network of more than 669 sites in over 120 countries. The Kruger to Canyon Biosphere Region is located on the western border of Kruger National Park, in the north-eastern part of South Africa. It covers about 2.6 million hectares. Biosphere Reserves are regions throughout the world that host important ecosystems and protected areas adjacent to human settlements, and are established to improve and promote solutions that both conserve the biodiversity and its sustainable use while considering the people around the area.
The GLTCA consists of transfrontier parks and transfrontier conservation areas between South Africa, Zimbabwe and Mozambique. The treaty was signed by the responsible conservation authorities in order to manage the area across international boundaries as one integrated unit. The area includes ecological corridors, private game reserves, communal natural resource management areas and hunting concession areas. The mission is to remove all human barriers so that animals can roam freely within the local ecosystem and conservation can be utilised to benefit local people.